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Rutherford Witthus
Walpole, New Hampshire

Matan, Williams, Witten & Nagel, Crumpling a Thin Sheet, 2001

This reprint of a complete scientific article from Physical Review Letters is illustrated with paper that was crumpled randomly using John Cage’s method of chance-determined selection or controlled spontaneity. The time of crumpling is precisely measured, e.g., crumpled for twenty seconds on 22 June 2007 at 09:43:02 A.M. The paper binding is sewn on twisted paper supports with linen thread. The book’s motto is from Heraclitus: If we do not expect the unexpected, we will never find it. 15 x 14.5 x 1 inches, 38 x 37 x 2.5 centimeters. Created 2007.

Rutherford Witthus has worked with books most of his professional life, as a rare book dealer, an archivist, a librarian, and an artist. As a retirement gift to himself, he attended the University of the Arts in Philadelphia, where he received an MFA in book arts and printmaking. His studies with Hedi Kyle profoundly influenced the direction of his work. He now has his own studio where he makes books and pictures. Website at